Kashmir Intifada

 By  Faisal Magray

For four months following June 2010, the Kashmir valley was torn by mass protests - locally called the uprising or intifada -which were met with overwhelming force by Indian security forces. Curfews and closures were frequent, often shading into each other. Hundreds were killed and thousands injured. But there are also cases where mourners and even people engaged in daily activities have been indiscriminately fired upon.

Currently occupied by over 7,00,000 army, police and paramilitary personnel, the valley maintains the world’s highest concentration of soldiers, outnumbering all other conflict zones including Afghanistan, Burma and Iraq. Kashmir witnessed over a hundred twenty violent deaths during  summer unrest , known in some circles as the "second uprising" for freedom. In most cases, lethal force was applied against unarmed civilians — protestors, mourners, mere bystanders, or those who inadvertently got drawn into the cycle of protests. The pattern was similar in all parts of the valley, whether rural or urban. Instances were rife of the armed forces firing on unarmed assemblies or protests.

The story of injuries suffered through Kashmir's long months of unrest is in many ways as shocking as the story of the deaths. The official figure is that as many as 515 persons were injured between June and mid-October 2010; the actual numbers are likely to be many more. In the SMHS hospital records, the following categorisation of injuries had been made: bullet injury; pellet injury, firearm injury, tear gas burn, trauma, scalp injury, beating injuries, near drowning, eye injury, and stone pelting injuries. Present essay is a compilation of what I witnessed during kashmir Unrest, be it an Strict curfew day, Oppression, a dreadful night, powerful protests, the death of an innocent people, or children playing cricket.

An Indian paramilitary trooper stands guard near a barbed wire fence during a curfew imposed in Srinagar,Kashmir.

An Indian policeman fires tear gas canister shots  to disperse Kashmiri protesters in Srinagar, Kashmir.

Masked Kashmiri protesters shouts pro-freedom slogans during a demonstration in the heart of Srinagar. The Muslim-majority Kashmir valley has been rocked by unrest since a teenage student Tufail Matto was killed by a police tear-gas shell on June 11,2010.

   Policemen hold stones in their hands during a protest in srinagar. Hundreds of  people have been killed during Kashmir unrest as the security forces regularly opened fire to control angry separatist demonstrations triggered by each civilian death.

I Protest

 JK policeman fires tear gas canister shots as protestors (seen in mirror) prepare to throw stones towards a line of  policemen during a protest in Srinagar.Security forces used live ammunition on rallies after being pelted with stones.

                                              Policemen chasing protestors during a protest in Srinagar

Wamiq Farooqs mother Firdousa ( in a black pheran) with her mother and two sons .  The teargas canister killed him, “Wamiq had asked her mother to preserve his trophies and certificate he had earned for academic and co-curricular excellence at school."

Kashmiri protesters reiterate the 'we want freedom' slogan used by All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) Chairman Mirwaiz Moulvi Umar Farooq as he addressed the rally in Srinagar . The Muslim-majority Kashmir valley has been rocked by unrest since a teenage student was killed by a police tear-gas shell on June 11. Since then, hundreds of  people have been killed as the security forces regularly opened fire to control angry separatist demonstrations triggered by each civilian death.

  An Indian paramilitary trooper stands Alert  during a curfew in Srinagar.Government forces have struggled to contain the outpouring of anger triggered by the police killing of a schoolboy in early June 2010.

Protestors chase policemen during an anti-India protest in Srinagar .  Police arrested chairman of the hardline faction of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC), Syed Ali Shah Geelani who had threatened to intensify agitation in the Kashmir Valley. The Muslim-majority region has been rocked by unrest since a teenage student was killed by a police tear-gas shell on June 11,2010.

Stones Lie Scattered during a protest in Srinagar.The new deaths came as thousands of Kashmiris poured on to the streets shouting Anti Indian Slogans as New Delhi grappled to find ways to end the escalating pro-independence demonstrations. Women and children joined young men staging protests, defying curfews imposed across the mainly Muslim region to contain the spiralling unrest.

An Indian paramilitary trooper patrols a curfew bound street in Srinagar, a Muslim-majority region that has endured more than three months of deadly clashes between security forces and protesters who want Kashmir to be independent. To thwart public unrest authorities impose curfews that can last for several days at a time.

Kashmiri protesters (not in picture ) throw stones at paramilitary soldiers and police during a protest in Srinagar . Protesters in  Kashmir defied a ban on protest marches and held a fresh demonstration against New Delhi's rule in the region wracked by 11 weeks of deadly unrest which has seen  protesters and bystanders killed, mostly by security forces who have opened fire on rallies after being pelted with stones.

An Indian policeman ready to shot teargas canister during a protest rally in Srinagar . At least four people were injured, one of them seriously, when police allegedly opened fire on a group of residents in the city.

Mother of  Iqbal Khan (18) who was shot in the head by Paramillitary troopers outside his residence. Iqbal received fatal injuries on his eye and neck. He was first rushed to the SMHS hospital but they were unable to operate. Later, he was shifted to SKIMS for specialized treatment. Doctors declared Iqbal was in a state of coma.He was the 47th innocent killed. Iqbal had fought for six days before he gave up his last battle.

Indian paramilitary troopers stand guard at night during a strict curfew.  Kashmiri separatists called for protesters to block police and army camps with sit-ins, posing a new challenge to security forces as they struggle to restore order.

Kashmiri gather  in the main city center during an protest on Eid-ul-fitr a festival of Muslims September 11, 2010 in Srinagar. Unidentified men set ablaze the office of Crime Branch and Chief Engineer of the Power Development Department when a Kashmiri leader called for 30 minute sit- in at the main city center Lal Chowk. Tens of thousands of Kashmiris from different parts Valley took to the streets chanting 'pro-freedom' slogans to protest against  the killing of people by  police and paramilitary forces. 

Curfewed Night